Niemann-Raabe, Hedwig

(1844-1905)
   Actress. Niemann-Raabe was one of the finest performers in 19th-century German theater, and if such witnesses as Otto Brahm and colleague Ludwig Barnay are to be believed, she had the ability to transcend the normal limits of performance in almost any role she attempted. Nie-mann-Raabe enjoyed a career far lengthier than did most actresses of her day, beginning in childhood as Carla Eugenia in Friedrich Schiller's Don Carlos. She worked steadily for the next five decades as a member of German companies in venues as disparate as Amsterdam in the west, Moscow in the east, Vienna in the south, and Hamburg in the north. She toured throughout Europe on numerous occasions. Niemann-Raabe began as an ingenue and in her 40s began doing character parts; Brahm said her Frankziska in Gotthold Ephraim Lessing's Minna von Barnhelm was the finest he had ever seen, largely because she eschewed the "artificial drollery" attempted by most of her contemporaries in the role. In some ways, Niemann-Raabe presaged the Naturalist emphasis in female roles by Gerhart Hauptmann, for example, Mother Wolff in Der Biberpelz (The BeaverCoat) and Frau Wermelskirch in Fuhrmann Henschel (TeamsterHenschel). In her 50s and 60s, she played the Salondame with such humor and self-parody that Barnay wished he could enroll every young actress then just beginning in the profession to witness this "great artist" at work. Niemann-Raabe's artistry did not, however, extend to the plays of Henrik Ibsen. Brahm's admiration of her and his concomitant advocacy of the Norwegian playwright notwithstanding, her refusal to play the ending of A Doll's House as written caused a furor in Berlin, where she was scheduled to appear as Nora at the Deutsches Theater. Ibsen initially refused to alter the play, so she told him and Adolph L'Arronge she would change the ending of the play on her own and remain in the house with Torvald and the children. Ibsen relented, albeit reluctantly, and wrote the "German ending" for her. She in turn relented soon thereafter and agreed to play Nora as written.

Historical dictionary of German Theatre. . 2006.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hedwig Niemann-Raabe — Hedwig Raabe. Zeichnung von Hans Peter Hansen, um 1880 Hedwig Raabe (* 3. Dezember 1844 in Magdeburg; † 20. April 1905 in Berlin, verheiratete Hedwig Niemann Raabe) war eine deutsche Schauspielerin. Inhaltsverz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Niemann-Raabe — Niemann Raabe, s. Raabe, Hedwig …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hedwig Raabe — Hedwig Niemann Raabe Hedwig Raabe (* 3. Dezember 1844 in Magdeburg; † 20. April 1905 in Berlin, verheiratete Hedwig Niemann Raabe) war eine deutsche Schauspielerin. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Raabe — Raabe, Hedwig, Schauspielerin, geb. 3. Dez. 1844 zu Magdeburg, längere Zeit am Deutschen Hoftheater in Petersburg, 1871 verheiratet mit dem Tenoristen Albert Niemann, seit 1883 am Deutschen Theater, dann am Berliner Theater in Berlin, gest. das.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hedwig Raabe — (December 3, 1844 ndash; April 21, 1905), German actress, was born in Magdeburg, and at the age of fourteen was playing in the company of the Thalia theatre, Hamburg.In 1864, she joined the German Court theatre at St Petersburg, touring about… …   Wikipedia

  • Niemann — Niemann, 1) Albert, Opernsänger (Tenor), geb. 15. Jan. 1831 in Erxleben bei Magdeburg, war zuerst Maschinenbauer, ging aber nach kurzer Zeit 1849 in Dessau zur Bühne über, fand 1852 eine Anstellung in Halle, machte darauf noch Studien in Paris… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Raabe — Raabe, 1) Wilhelm, namhafter Romanschriftsteller, der zuerst unter dem Namen Jakob Corvinus auftrat, geb. 8. Sept. 1831 zu Eschershausen im Herzogtum Braunschweig, studierte in Berlin seit 1855 Philosophie und widmete sich unmittelbar nach seinen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Niemann — Niemann, Albert, Tenorist, geb. 15. Jan. 1831 in Erxleben, 1866 89 an der Berliner Hofoper; 1859 68 mit Marie Seebach (s.d.), seit 1871 mit Hedwig Raabe (s.d.) vermählt. – Vgl. Sternfeld (1904) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Albert Wilhelm Carl Niemann — Albert Niemann Albert Wilhelm Carl Niemann (* 15. Januar 1831 in Erxleben, Kreis Neuhaldensleben ; † 13. Januar 1917 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Tenor und Wagner Interpret. Als Sohn eines Gastwirts geboren wurde Albert Niemann nach einer Lehre… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albert Niemann (tenor) — Early career Born in Erxleben, near Magdeburg, Niemann lost his father (an innkeeper) at an early age and was brought up by his mother, a woman of almost unwomanly hardness who lived to be 90. He was apprenticed to an engine maker, but ran away… …   Wikipedia

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